Why do I need to seal my Wooden Floor, and what are my options?
It is important to protect the wooden surface with an oil and/or sealer; this could be with a Varnish/lacquer or water based oils.
Varnishes/lacquers are low-maintenance but would require sanding of the entire surface to do maintenance or repairs.
Water based Oils require a bit more care, but are easier to repair and maintain and they do not normally require the floor to be sanded down to do a restoration of colour. Water based Oils are also available in a variety of colours giving you many options and finishes to use.
You could also have a sealer applied over the water based oil to increase the wearing abilities of the Oil.
Staining a wooden floor can result in many desired effects:
- Enhancing the woods natural grain
- Highlighting the texture of the wood
- Adding a splash of exotic colour
- Creating a complimentary or contrasting effect against the finishing product
Sealing the floor with an Oil or Varnish:
- Even though a stain might be applied to the floor for the desired effect, it still needs to be sealed to protect the wood.
- Hard-Wax Oils can add colour, highlighting the wood natural patina and keeping its inherent beauty
- Refreshing or updating the look of your flooring to be in line with current trends
While staining wood is predominantly used as an option for aesthetic purposes only and offers little or no protection to the actual wood, Some Water based Oils have great protective qualities and can be used to add colour as well.
Repeated exposure to water and sunlight can damage the wood. By using a Wax overlay, you can protect the wood from being damaged or discoloured. Wax overlays form a barrier over your wood that assists in making the surface waterproof.
Wax Overlays, penetrate the wood deeply or bond to the surface molecules of the wood, protecting and enhancing it, thus allowing it to be easily maintained. This is particularly effective on heavy-duty surfaces such as floors. An extra layer of protection can be added with a Varnish if needed for commercial applications, or even the application of a 2K sealer can be applied after oiling.
Take into account the colour of the stain, the species of your wood and how porous this is, as this will affect the final finish of your surface. Every type of wood and wood surface finish (Smooth or Brushed) accepts stain differently. It is very important that you test your stain on a piece of scrap wood first, or on a less visible area, to ensure you will get the desired effect.
Stains can be mixed together to create the exact tone you require. You can lighten a stain by adding a natural finish stain. You can match an existing wood by mixing stains together. Ensure that you mix enough to complete the entire job as mixing a second batch might result in the colours not matching exactly.